China factory growth beats expectations

China’s factory activity expanded faster than expected in February as domestic and export demand picked up, adding to signs that the global economy is regaining momentum.

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Growth in both output and orders accelerated last month, according to official and private factory surveys, giving the Chinese government more room to focus on tackling financial risks to the economy as debt continues to rise.

“This is the 7th consecutive month that China’s official manufacturing PMI stayed within expansionary territory, suggesting that industrial activity remains buoyant,” said Zhou Hao, emerging markets economist at Commerzbank AG in Singapore.

Zhou said it was “very likely” that China’s central bank would raise short-term interest rates by a another 10 basis points in March – which would mark the third such move in as many months – as authorities grow more confident that the economy is on steadier footing.

China’s central bank has cautiously shifted its stance in recent months to a tightening bias after years of super-loose policy to stave off the risk of a hard landing for the world’s second-largest economy.

The official Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) released on Wednesday rose to a three-month high of 51.6 in February, compared with the previous month’s 51.3, and above the 50-point mark that separates growth from contraction on a monthly basis.

Analysts had expected a reading of 51.1 in February.

China’s industrial sector has benefited from a construction boom since the middle of last year that has spurred demand and prices for building materials from cement to steel, boosting sales and profits.

Output rose at a faster pace of 53.7, compared to 53.1 in January, while overall new order growth also picked up.

A private survey which focuses more on small and mid-sized firms also showed factory activity picked up more than expected last month.

The Caixin/Markit Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ index (PMI) rose to 51.7, up from 51.0 in January and beating analysts’ forecasts of 50.8.

A separate reading on the services sector showed growth remained robust in February.

The official non-manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) stood at 54.2 in February, down from 54.6 in January, but well above the 50-point mark.

Fears new homes being left empty as housing prices soar

CoreLogic senior research analyst Cameron Kusher says there are fears many new units are being left empty, contributing to the housing crisis.

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“There’s no hard and fast statistics on that, but if you go through Melbourne, and go through Brisbane in some of these areas you’re seeing a lot of new unit construction,” he said.

“You only have to go there at night time to see there is no furniture on the balcony, there’s very few lights on, so clearly a lot of these properties are being left vacant.”

Starr Properties agent, Douglas Driscoll said the number of those vacant properties could be in the hundreds of thousands.

“If you look at the census from 2011, it suggests there were 120,000 uninhabited properties across Sydney,” he said.

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“The advent of foreign investment only really kicked in, in 2012, [so] my rudimentary research suggests it could be as much as 200,000.”

That’s in Sydney alone according to Mr Driscoll, although there is no official statistical measurement.

“My evidence as such is hard and fast – I can’t find any data or statistical evidence anywhere,” he said.

“However, our network encompasses 30 offices in Sydney – I speak and deal with many other real estate professionals across the city as indeed developers and I speak to them on the coal face, as it were – and that’s predominantly where my evidence comes from.”

The Real Estate Institute’s Malcolm Gunning says many of those apartments may be legitimately empty.

“A lot of those properties might be used part-time, they might be used by ’empty nesters’ who have properties outside of Sydney and they may have a Sydney base, which is often the case or people who live interstate who use the property once a month or once or twice a year,” he said.

“Foreign investors will often buy the property and have their students occupy it for six months of the year and the other six months it lays vacant because they don’t want to lease it out.”

A more level playing field may include reserving a portion of new units for local residents or strategies like those used in Canada, which has a 15 per cent foreign buyer property surcharge.

But Mr Gunning warned such tactics had their drawbacks.

“In Vancouver, which is very similar to Sydney, what we see now is property prices falling rapidly because it’s a major disincentive for foreign investors,” he said.

The first step is to identify and quantify just how many apartments are being banked for capital gains benefits – and left empty.

CoreLogic

Meanwhile, CoreLogic says dwelling prices nationwide rose by 1.4 per cent in February with the median price standing at $570,000.

That’s up nearly 11 per cent over the past 12 months.

Mr Kusher said there was no stopping the growth in Australian property prices.

“It’s really strong, if you look at what’s happening in Sydney you’re seeing the fastest rate of growth on an annual basis since 2002 and across the combined capital cities, the strongest annual rate of growth since 2010 so the housing market is strong at a macro level but it’s still largely being fuelled by what’s happening in Sydney and Melbourne,” he said.

Sydney continues to drive house price gains, up 2.6 per cent last month and more than 18 per cent over the past year.

Mr Kusher said low interest rates along with migration and population growth, particularly in New South Wales and Victoria, were fueling demand.

So too were investors, he said.

“If you look at the investor statistics in New South Wales, if you strip out refinances, they’re about 55 per cent of new lending in New South Wales, about 48 per cent in Victoria, historically those figures are much lower,” he said.

And foreign buyers continue to be a significant factor in the market.

A recent NAB report found they accounted for nearly 11 per cent of all new property purchased in the December quarter.

NAB

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Trump wants Aust-style immigration system

US President Donald Trump has flagged introducing an Australian-style immigration system as part of a sweeping overhaul of rules for foreigners wanting to make a new life in America.

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Mr Trump praised Australia’s points-based system for skilled migrants during an hour-long speech to a joint sitting of congress in which he also called on America’s allies for military support and hinted at trade reforms that could include new tariffs on overseas-made goods.

Returning to his election campaign mantra of making America great again, Mr Trump said a merit-based immigration system like Australia’s and Canada’s would save money and benefit low-income earning families.

“It is a basic principle that those seeking to enter a country ought to be able to support themselves financially,” he said.

“Switching away from this current system of lower-skilled immigration and instead adopting a merit-based system will have many benefits: it will save countless dollars, raise workers’ wages and help struggling families – including immigrant families – enter the middle class.”

About two-thirds of the 190,000 visas Australia awards each year go to skilled migrants deemed to have enough “points” based on their age, English language skills, work experience and education qualifications.

Mr Trump’s speech largely focused on domestic issues like kickstarting the economy, scratching Obamacare and boosting military spending but offered no precise details on what he wants congress to approve.

He also again promised to build a wall along the Mexican border and beef up vetting procedures to “keep out those who would do us harm”.

US allies including Australia were put on notice that Mr Trump is preparing for a “robust” engagement with them and wants their support to destroy ISIS.

“We expect our partners, whether in NATO, in the Middle East or the Pacific to take a direct and meaningful role in both strategic and military operations and pay their fare share of the cost,” he said.

US political expert Dr John Hart, from ANU’s School of History, said allies like Australia would be wondering if they might be dragged into Mr Trump’s plan to destroy ISIS or potential military action in the disputed waters of the South China Sea, where Beijing has been building islands.

“If we are drawn into a military conflict with China or even a trade war with China the normal Australian rhetoric whenever America’s goals and China’s goals clash won’t be enough,” he told AAP.

“If there is a trade war and if there is a military confrontation Australia will be forced to choose.”

Meanwhile, Mr Trump has suggested foreign companies exporting to the US could have new tariffs imposed on their goods as part of his plan to kickstart the US economy.

“Currently when we ship products out of America, many other countries make us pay very high tariffs and taxes but when foreign companies ship their products into America, we charge them almost nothing,” he said.

Dr Hart described the remark as “ridiculous” given the difficulties Australian sugar growers have exporting to the US.

Arthur urges Eels to make most of NRL shot

Don’t waste your chance now.

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That’s the message Parramatta coach Brad Arthur has for his players after the club broke the NRL’s longest finals drought with last week’s win over Gold Coast.

The victory means the Eels will end a seven-year absence from September football no matter the result of their final two home-and-away games.

But ahead of Thursday’s crunch clash against second-placed Brisbane, Arthur demanded his men to reach for higher honours and make the most of their finals shot.

A win over the Broncos could lift them into the top four for the first time since March, however Arthur admitted the team had been anxious in recent weeks.

“The monkey’s off our back so to speak because we are in the finals, but we had a bit of nervous energy about us against the Titans. We bombed quite a few opportunities,” he said.

“So we know that we secured a spot in the finals, now it’s up to us to try and win as many games between now and the end of the year to get ourselves up the ladder.”

Arthur said the team had learnt from their shock loss to Newcastle a fortnight ago.

“I know the Newcastle game was a bit of a backwards step for us but we learnt a good lesson out of it, the way we played the following week,” he said.

“There’s no complacency. We’ve got an opportunity, you don’t get these opportunities every year. It doesn’t mean because we’re in the finals this year we’re going to make it next year.

“We’ve got an opportunity to do the best we can. It’s been a long time and the boys have been waiting a long time. We’ve been working hard, and we want to make sure we’ve got no regrets.”

Arthur also predicted a big game from star five-eighth Corey Norman against his old club.

“The big-time players like to get themselves up for the big games, and it’s a big game,” he said.

“I shouldn’t have to do a great deal today or during the week to motivate our boys to play.”

Aussies brace for Bangladeshi spin barrage

A wary Australian squad have gone to bruising lengths to prevent Bangladesh from springing a Test series upset.

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Steve Smith’s men will slump to No.6 in the Test rankings if the Tigers manage to win both games during the two-Test series that gets under way in Dhaka on Sunday.

Such an outcome is not beyond the realms of possibility considering Australia’s poor record on the subcontinent, having not won a Test series there since beating Sri Lanka 1-0 in 2011.

Bangladesh have improved rapidly over the past 18 months and are particularly dangerous on their home turning tracks, as shown in their maiden Test win over England last year.

Teenage offspin prodigy Mehedi Hasan looms as a particularly significant threat after claiming man-of-the-series honours against England with 19 wickets from two Tests.

Australia have prepared accordingly, even reprising an old trick encouraged by former Test opener Justin Langer during his stint as national batting coach.

Opener Matt Renshaw and likely No.3 Usman Khajawa have spent time during the squad’s training sessions in Dhaka facing spinners in the nets without their front pads on.

Allrounder Glenn Maxwell said the technique had been adopted to help counter the relentless pressure the Bangladeshi spin brigade were capable of producing.

“If you don’t have the safety of your front pad there, it makes you get your leg out of the way and actually use your bat,” he said.

“It’s more about refining your defence and making sure you’re trusting the fact you’ll hit the ball, and not hoping that your pad’s there just to save you.

“It’s more for the guys that are hitting the stumps repeatedly, and Bangladesh do that really well.

“They bowl the ball stump to stump and they put pressure on your defence.”

The Bangladeshi monsoon season has made for punishing training conditions, with periodic rain and thunderstorms giving way to sweltering heat and humidity.

Maxwell felt the pinch more than most, suffering a bout of heatstroke during the first day of training.

The forced cancellation of Australia’s only tour match raised questions about their preparedness, but Maxwell said the squad’s pre-tour training camp in Darwin had been ample preparation.

“We put extreme conditions in Darwin with the wickets where we made them ridiculously tough to bat on, and guys tested themselves really well during that week,” Maxwell said.

“I think the guys are more than well-equipped to handle whatever comes at us in this first Test.”

Law urges Windies to ignore criticism

Stuart Law has urged West Indies to ignore the condemnation they have received from various former professionals following their first Test horror show.

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Windies great Curtly Ambrose labelled the current crop “pathetic” and “embarrassing” following their abject defeat to England by an innings and 209 runs at Edgbaston.

Geoffrey Boycott and Michael Vaughan were also quick to lament the state of Windies cricket, with the difference in class stark as England wrapped up victory inside three days.

Law was saddened by the criticism of ex-bowling coach Ambrose but the Australian acknowledged the only way to silence the doubters is to improve on their display in the second Test at Headingley, which gets under way on Friday.

“That is disappointing, Curtly not long ago was the coach of this team so it is disappointing that criticism comes,” he said.

“We have to understand why it is there. We are not performing as well as we want.

“It would have been nice if he had come into the dressing room to talk to the guys and express his displeasure to us. That would have been awesome but that didn’t happen. What can we do? We have to get our noses down, our backsides up and play better.

“I believe in these young men. They have got high skills. It is just the experience of learning how to play in a very tough environment.

Law was heartened by the counter-attacking resolve of diminutive batsman Jermaine Blackwood, whose flashy 79 not out in the first innings was a rare highlight on a day where the Windies lost 19 wickets to go 1-0 down in the three-match series.

“He played his role beautifully,” Law said. “He showed a beautiful solid defence and hit the bad ball away, we can’t ask much more.

“It would be nice if his attitude went through the group and people who talk to Blacky know he has got something about him.”

Swift won’t shake off bad reputation

Taylor Swift has announced a new album titled Reputation just over a week after scoring a court victory at a high-profile groping trial in Colorado.

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On Wednesday, the singer announced the album via a series of Instagram post, including a possible album cover featuring a black and white illustration of Swift with newspaper-style headlines overlapping part of her face.

The album will be released November 10, and the first single will debut on Thursday.

Swift, 27, ended a six-month absence from the spotlight to deliver unflinching testimony against a radio DJ in a Denver court earlier this month.

She was awarded the symbolic $US1 ($A1.30) in damages that she had sought after a federal jury in Denver found the DJ had grabbed her bottom while posing for a photo with her in 2013.

The singer, one of the most followed people on social media, followed her court victory by deleting posts from Instagram, Twitter and removing her avatar from her Facebook page, sending fans into a frenzy speculating about whether Swift had been hacked or was preparing to launch new music or reinvent herself.

Reputation will come three years after Swift’s 2014 best-selling album 1989, which spawned hits such as Shake It Off and Bad Blood.

Swift, who broke out at the age of 16 with her debut album and has become one of pop music’s best-selling solo artists, carved a career writing songs that delve into her own experiences of love, friendship and growing up in the public eye.

Her lyrics are often scrutinised by eager fans for references to former flames or friends such as her relationships with singers such as John Mayer and Harry Styles and feud with fellow pop star Katy Perry.

Reputation may focus on the singer’s struggle with media scrutiny of her private life, which she has spoken about in previous interviews.

Swift largely dropped out of public view earlier this year after a highly publicised break up from British DJ Calvin Harris, a short-lived 2016 summer fling with British actor Tom Hiddleston and feuds with Perry, Kim Kardashian and Kanye West.

Arsenic in Pakistan groundwater ‘alarmingly high’: study

The study in the journal Science Advances is the first to create a comprehensive map of arsenic in the groundwater across Pakistan, and follows earlier, smaller studies that showed high arsenic levels in some places.

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Groundwater samples were taken from nearly 1,200 sites throughout the country, and researchers used a model to project the likelihood of increased arsenic concentrations for all of Pakistan.

Areas in eastern Punjab — which includes Lahore — and around Hyderabad were especially likely to have groundwater that exposes large numbers of people to arsenic contamination.

Many parts of the densely populated plains along the Indus River and its tributaries showed arsenic concentrations in groundwater were higher than the World Health Organization guideline of 10 micrograms per liter, said the report.

“Very high concentrations, above 200 micrograms/liter, are found mainly in the south,” it warned.

Overall, 50 to 60 million people use groundwater which very likely contains more than 50 micrograms per liter, or five times higher than WHO guidelines.

“This is an alarmingly high number, which demonstrates the urgent need to test all drinking water wells in the Indus Plain,” said lead author Joel Podgorski, a geophysicist at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag).

People who regularly drink water with high concentrations of arsenic face a higher risk of lung cancer, heart disease and skin disorders.

Researchers are not sure why the arsenic on Pakistan is so high, but one hypothesis is that heavy irrigation could be boosting the arsenic level in groundwater.

Rice, wheat, cotton and sugar cane are heavily farmed in the area.

Podgorski said more water from wells in high-risk areas must be tested, because concentrations of arsenic can vary widely in small areas.

Also, more testing is needed because local aquifer conditions cannot be predicted sufficiently accurately by modeling.

If the suspected link to irrigation practices in confirmed, new techniques would need to replace current practices.

MP George Christensen quits as Nationals whip, citing ‘incompatibility’

The backbencher confirmed his decision in a statement on Tuesday which said: “It was my decision to resign; and my decision alone.

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I was not pushed by anyone.”  

His decision to relinquish the position will see his annual salary drop by close to $26,000 a year, leaving him with just the base parliamentary remuneration of $199,040. 

“I did feel some of my colleagues may have been aggrieved that the enforcer of discipline was being somewhat ill-disciplined himself,” Mr Christensen said.

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The maverick MP said Nationals leader Barnaby Joyce had been incredibly supportive and would have supported whatever decision he made.

“I thank him and the rest of the Nationals team for the great honour of serving as their Chief Whip over the last six months,” Christensen said.

George Christensen accepts his outspokenness is incompatible with being Nations Whip #auspol @SBSNews pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/kIUuATtr11

— Daniela Ritorto (@danielaritorto) February 28, 2017

His decision comes just a day after an opinion poll revealed he is staring down a challenge from Pauline Hanson’s party in his seat of Dawson ahead of the 2019 election. 

Just last week the outspoken backbencher pledged his support to the National Party after urgent peace talks with leader Barnaby Joyce. 

“I’m loyal to Barnaby Joyce, I’m loyal to the National Party, loyal to the LNP,” Mr Christensen said at the time.

Mr Joyce travelled north to persuade Mr Christensen not to leave the party and to ease tensions over a dispute which could see jobs lost in the sugar cane industry.

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It will take effect from Thursday when Nationals MPs and senators will meet to elect a replacement.

Mr Christensen said his position had become untenable after speaking out on several issues in recent months.

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Mr Christensen famously posed for a photograph wearing a shearer’s singlet and holding a stockwhip given to every Nationals whip since 1917.

In the November Fairfax media profile, Mr Joyce said Mr Christensen had great potential and there was no reason he couldn’t be a cabinet minister in the future.

Since then, there has been speculation he may follow renegade Liberal senator Cory Bernardi in quitting the coalition.

The Nationals will elect a replacement Chief Whip during Thursday’s party-room meeting, with nominations closing at 12pm on Wednesday.

Mr Christensen hosed down those rumours as recently as Monday, saying he would stick with the Nationals.

Nevertheless, he has been outspoken on issues such as the treatment of cane growers in his electorate of Dawson, immigration, and the need for a serious inquiry into banks.

On Tuesday morning he indicated he was willing to cross the floor and vote for a Greens move for a parliamentary commission of inquiry into the banking sector.

-With AAP

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Graduate hits the street in search of dream job with his giant CV

Most weekdays, Sri Lankan-born, recent Melbourne University graduate Adil Aslam takes to the streets of Melbourne’s financial precinct with a steely resolve and a placard presenting his impressive resume.

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“I feel quite nervous, I’ll be honest – just standing here just smiling all the time waving this around, obviously I’d rather not be doing it but here I am because I am serious about getting a position I really like,” he said.

Strangers have approached the 22-year-old offering support, and would-be employers have taken his details, but he has not yet received a job offer from the exercise. 

Mr Aslam compliments his street-based approach with extensive email and LinkedIn approaches to various companies. 

“Whatever it takes I’m prepared to do and I’m not entitled to anything just because I have a degree, and it’s about me trying hard, it’s about me staying focused and me staying motivated and using my skills to get there,” he said.

Mr Aslam is adamant he hasn’t experienced direct racism during his three years in Australia, but also says he can’t be certain whether his Sri Lankan name influences recruiters.

“Even though they’re not racist people per se – just in case they have a different perception with Adil being the name versus John being the name,” he said.

Some of his graduate friends have experienced success by Anglicising their names, but the proud Sri Lankan says it’s not something he would consider.

“I wouldn’t want to work for a company where this exists which is why I haven’t changed my name,” he said.

Monash University management and HR expert Peter Holland examined Mr Aslam’s resume, predicting he will secure employment within six months of leaving university. 

He says racial profiling of resumes is illegal, but virtually impossible to prove – with various studies around the world suggesting it still takes place.

Associate Professor Holland also says it’s not only the applicants who suffer.

“Names shouldn’t come into it – it should be looking at the quality of the person via the resumes and the companies are actually doing themselves a disservice if they do these kind of things – as they may be missing out on the best person for the job,” he said.

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Associate Professor Holland also believes it’s time names were removed from resumes. 

“Name-blind I think is something the government should consider or companies could consider as a way of effectively minimising the potential to discriminate against people,” he said.

Either way, Adil Aslam will continue his online and on-street efforts with the aim of achieving his employment goal.

“Ten years from now I (hope to) have the experience, people come to me asking for help and I will be able to consult with them, advise them this is what you do – that’s the dream we’ll see how it goes,” he said. 

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Audit report slams govt over Centrelink

A scathing auditor-general report has criticised the way the federal government ensures Centrelink compliance as ineffective, recommending several changes.

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The Australian National Audit Office report on Tuesday examined seven Centrelink compliance measures and found three were not effectively implemented while another two were only partly effective.

“As a consequence, most of the compliance measures examined did not fully achieve their expected outcomes, including savings and addressing the risks to payment integrity,” the report tabled in parliament says.

“The Department of Human Services’ internal and external monitoring and reporting for compliance measures could be improved.”

The report doesn’t cover the controversial robo-debt crisis, which Labor claims is resulting in 4000 people each week receiving letters wrongly accusing them of owing money.

Human Services Minister Alan Tudge said the department would implement one of the report’s recommendations, while partly implementing another.

He said the audit office used different accounting methodology to the department, resulting in savings being allocated to different categories and the conclusion that some compliance measures didn’t meet targets.

He said all fraud and compliance activities combined had delivered savings of $1.44 billion, exceeding a target of $1.07 billion.

“The ANAO report does not comment on how compliance savings has grown since 2012-13 or that the 10 measures combined have exceeded their target,” he said.

Labor’s human services spokeswoman Linda Burney said the report confirmed the department was a complete mess on Mr Tudge’s watch.

Vandals attack Jewish cemetery in Philadelphia

Hundreds of headstones, some of them more than 100 years old, were cut in half, local media reported Sunday.

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A local rabbi, who was unnamed, told ABC television affiliate WPVI that the affected graves at the historic Mount Carmel Jewish cemetery in Philadelphia’s northeastern Wissinoming neighborhood also included those of one-time members of the Quaker and Muslim communities.

“We’re not interested in any narrative about victimization and as heartbreaking as this is, we are strong together,” the rabbi said.

“I just met two congregants of mine who were here, one of whom has relatives. His way of responding was to go row by row and count, and he’s counted over 500 tombstones.”

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New Jersey resident Aaron Mallin discovered the vandalism on Sunday when he came to visit his father’s grave at the cemetery.

“It’s just very disheartening that such a thing would take place,” he told WPVI.

Police say they are investigating the vandalism.

The Anti-Defamation League has offered a $10,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of those responsible.

Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman Emmanuel Nahshon posted a statement on Twitter saying, “#Philadelphia Jewish cemetery desecration is shocking and a source of worry. Full confidence #US authorities catch and punish culprits.”

Latest anti-Semitic attacks 

The attack comes a week after more than 100 headstones were damaged at a Jewish cemetery in St Louis, Missouri. The incident prompted a Muslim-led crowdfunding campaign to raise more than $100,000 to repair the cemetery, and a visit by Vice President Mike Pence.

Among more recent attacks, vandals spray-painted swastikas on several cars, highway overpasses, buildings and an elementary school playground over the weekend in Buffalo, New York, The Buffalo News reported.

After remaining silent on the subject for several days, President Donald Trump on Tuesday decried the anti-Semitic threats against Jewish community centers across America as “horrible” and “painful.”

However, concern is rising about his embrace by white supremacist groups and an “alt-right” movement given a platform on Breitbart, the online news outlet once headed by Trump’s chief White House strategist Steve Bannon.

The White House raised eyebrows on International Holocaust Remembrance Day late last month by issuing a statement that made no mention of the six million Jews killed in the Nazi genocide.

Other groups have also been targeted. On Wednesday, a drunk white man fatally shot an Indian engineer and wounded another in Kansas City, screaming racial slurs and telling them “Get out of my country!”

Survivors’ voices help shape discussion to stamp out domestic violence

Speaking at a national summit on family violence in Canberra, 2016 Australian of the Year David Morrison said there should be a national focus on the issue, proposing a national day of remembrance.

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“We need to pause, I think, at least on one day of the year to think about millions of Australians who have had almost no say, whose potential, whose aspirations, have been squandered as a result of domestic violence,” he said.

Mr Morrison’s comments came amid growing calls for a countrywide framework to be setup to tackle domestic violence.

In 2015, Irishwoman Emma Murphy posted a video of herself online, sitting at the bottom of a staircase, her young son Xavier on the steps behind her.

In a pink hoodie, hair pulled back, her black eye is clearly visible.

“I’ve been thinking long and hard and contemplating whether to post this video,” she said to the camera.

The Dublin mother of two – then 26-years-old – described her relationship with a man who she says was “the love of her life”, including his infidelity and the three separate occasions where he physically assaulted her.

“I finally realised this is not acceptable, no man has a right to put his hand on a women. No man at all, no matter how big, how small, no matter where you’re from, it is not right,” she said through tears.

As soon as she uploaded the video to her Facebook page, the impact was immediate.

“It was hectic, from posting that video, my phone wouldn’t stop ringing. It was constant,” Ms Murphy said. remembering how her message went viral.

“It wasn’t just from Ireland, it was from all around the world. It was from kids, parents, other women going through it.”

Her video has since been viewed millions of times.

Two years on, Ms Murphy said she still feels the impact of her decision to share her experience.

“They get courage from my story, from listening to that video.

“Only recently, I had a girl mail me and she said, ‘I’ve watched your video six times today because I’m looking for strength to leave my relationship,’ which she did,” she said, smiling.

Ms Murphy travelled to Canberra to attend the National Family Violence Summit, to try and pass on some of her courage.

The annual event, now in its second year, was facilitated by the Tara Costigan Foundation which was set up in memory of a young Canberra mother who was killed by her former partner, in front of her children.

Founder Michael Costigan, Tara’s uncle, said the main goal of the summit is to bring services and resources from across the country together to create a national framework to tackle domestic violence.

“We will put that together to serve the sector and to help the sector be better at marketing and engaging and setting up funding streams, just giving the sector support, bringing it together,” he said at the event.

Domestic violence survivor Rebecca Poulson, who also attended the two-day summit, agreed.

“We really need to work together to get a unified voice,” she said.

“Something like a national framework that we can all work towards, like what is the best practice … and we really do need victims’ voices in that plan.”

Ms Poulson believed establishing best practice starts with education.

“It would be so wonderful to have family violence and awareness of family violence, what it looks, what it feels like in every single school in Australia,” she said.

“Just like we have stranger danger awareness in schools, and we don’t have family violence awareness in school.”

National domestic violence helpline: 1800 737 732 or 1800RESPECT. In an emergency call triple-zero.